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Tay people in Sapa

Tay people in Sapa  1 Economic characteristics: Source of the Tay people live on agriculture, water field. Agriculture Tay has developed relatively high. In addition to rice as staple food, people are growing more corn, potatoes, cassava and other food crops and the cultivation of tobacco on the farm. It is also an important source of income of the Tay minority.
The cotton weaving and sericulture has long been developed, not only to meet the needs of each family, but also to be sold in the local markets. In addition, people also livestock and poultry as cattle, pigs, chickens, goats become income women with high economic value.
The family crafts such as weaving rattan household appliances, bamboo leaves; forging tools, carpentry and pottery, have to meet the needs of local people.

Community organization: The Tay’s usually in the foothills or along streams. The name is often named for the hills, the fields, the river. Each has between 15 and 20 rooftops. Large version split into smaller neighbors. Ethnic Tay often clustered into a living. Each has between twenty and one hundred rooftops. Many incorporate the equivalent of a social visualization.
Ban (village) of the Tay was built at the foot of the mountain or where flat land along rivers, streams, and in fields. Many villages) with green bamboo wrapped around.
Of the community (village) formerly played an important role in life, has left the traditional habits and customs of ethnic Tay …
Marriage and family: Family Tay son and you generally have clear rules in the relationship between the family members. Husband and wife love each other, less divorce. Has long ceased to continue in-law.
Marriage: Men and women are free to love, to learn, but with a husband and wife or not depending on parents’ sides and “fate” of each of them or not depends on the two sides and their parents “fate” of their case or not. So in the process of going to a marriage must have walked the boy ask the girl leaves compared with leaves on some of their children. After the wedding, the bride to her parents’ home until the coming day brings new birth in much their husband.
Childbirth: When pregnant as well as during the early postpartum, women should abstain from various things with the desire to mother circle, the square, fast growing baby healthy and avoiding harmful chickened After the birth to 3 days chickened out and establish worship altar bleach midwife. When full month celebrations organized and named the child.

Worship: The Tay ancestral and religious fetishism. Ancestral altar in the middle of the Tay and made ​​into a separate space and reverently out of ink. Guests and women in pregnancy are not allowed to sit or lie on the couch, bed before the altar. They often dine after 2 pm and 8 pm. In the religion of the Tay, 3/3 day lunar tomb sweeping day, the most important festival of the Tay.

Culture: Theatre Athens, singing glide, sing sli be used for purposes different activities, the popular folk category of the Tay. Ministry of musical instruments such as Dan calculation, shaking time. The traditional house on stilts, thatched grass roofs, landscaping and some border regions have the kind of defense. In the men’s room outside discriminate and women in the chamber. Common type of housing is 3 times, 2 roof (no attic), earthen walls, box and bamboo wattle, wood around, grass roofs, tiled or sheet Proximang. Arrangement of living space are defined uniformly through each location in the house. Tay settlements, gathered into the approximately 15 to 20 households, has a close relationship with the Nung and the Zhuang (China). These positive factors are presented in the literature – folk art. First of all it is the kind of tales usually refers to the origin of natural phenomena, society, history, homage, grateful to those who have contributed to the village, home, country, and state the spirit of solidarity, mutual support and mutual assistance, or condemn the injustices of contemporary society. Many tales, folk songs, folk songs, highlight the role of labor, praising kindness, loyalty and promote talent and intellect of man.

Festivals: Annual New Year’s Day with many different meanings. Lunar New Year, the beginning of new year and the full moon festival in July, worship the spirits are large festival is held more lavish. Tet evocation of cattle held on 6th 6th lunar month after transplant and new rice festival, held before the festival of harvest is very typical for wet rice farming population.
Lunar New Year is the beginning of a new year and it begins to warm New Year from December 28 lunar days. These days boys and girls in a hurry to redecorate their homes, clean up and rearrange furniture to add a new time and a warmer. 29 steps to start working Tay pork and processed into food such as rolls, fried, boiled meat, kebabs and sausages suon..Neu day someone had the opportunity to see the uplands will always wire hanging sausages in the kitchen looks very attractive. 30th festival, the Tay people take all the toiletries such as knives, based, plowing and harrowing in one place and make sacrifices for them to repose celebrate, because according to the people here that have items adherence and follow people for a year. Eve is an occasion where the family members gather together to chat, together enjoying special foods than usual greetings and wish each other a happy New Year, prosperity. Preparing to welcome the New Year is an opportunity for boys, girls down altogether in the market shopping for her new clothes to hang spring. Tet is also an opportunity for the elderly, children, young men and women pull together to see the happy spring festival such as Tung longer, dance and give each other spread the Sli tune, sing Glider real or true love quarterfinals.

Apparel: Have own unique style aesthetic. Tay people usually wear clothes dyed indigo cotton. Traditional costumes of the Tay made ​​from cotton self weaving, indigo dyeing, embroidery virtually no decoration. Women wear skirts or pants, blouses with short tunic inside and outside. Ngan group wears a little shorter, wearing a brown alum group, Thu Lao group turban on top of spiers, Pa Di group hat shaped roof was dressed as a Thai Turkish group in Mai Chau (Hoa Binh) .

Men’s Costumes: Costumes Men’s shirts from 4 Tay including body type (slua com), 5 body tunic, turban, trousers and canvas shoes. 4 blouses itself is kind of split breasts, high round neck, no shoulder, cut deviant, buttoned fabric (7 female) and two small pockets 2 front bottom. During festive occasions, the men wear long garments 5 more bodies sawn armpit, bear daisy daisy fabric or copper. Pants (lock) also made ​​of indigo dyed cotton fabrics such as clothes, cut in cross-crotch pants, the long gown just right ankle. Pants with wide waistband slipped not withdraw, while wearing the lanyard outside. Indigo turban (30cm x 200cm) Wrap the top of the letter’s style.

Clothing for women: women’s clothes usually include blouses, tunic in the body, skirts, belts, headgear, comedy fabric. Blouses are 4 types of bodywork chest, round neck, two small pockets bottom two front flap, often tailored fabric indigo or white. As the convention goes inside face lined tunic. So Tay people need slua also known as khao (white shirt) to distinguish indigo Nung only. Dresses as well as body type 5, sawn armpit buttoned fabric or copper, round neck sleeveless waist and narrow body. Previously women wear skirts, but the recent popularity wear; That is the kind of pants on the same principle of tailoring men’s size is somewhat narrower. Towels women Tay is also a square scarf folded indigo team cross-like ‘beak ravens’ of Scripture. Women’s hats Tay quite nicely. A bamboo leaf conical roof with conical roof and wide. Jewelry women Tay simple enough, but the basic categories such as necklaces, bracelets, anklets, bar area … There where also wear a cloth bag. Considerable originality of costume Tay is not shaping the entrance exit indigo common use, at least on menswear and women’s wear as well as style white lining inside jacket indigo. Many people also use indigo nation but also in other colors decoration on dresses, on Tay almost the iridescent coloring is used in surface pattern brocade blanket or sheet. Private groups pressed Pa (Lao Cai) style decorative styling and quite unique in style headscarves and clothing.

These taboos: There are no taboo as set foot on the burning logs in the fireplace or put your feet up into the kitchen. Those who go the funeral of yet is not washed clean look at livestock and poultry. Who had a baby not to place their ancestors. When cooking ethnic Tay are careful to set security straps, pans, kitchen pots up to two straps are not pots and pans in the direction of the bar the tree (because that is the direction of the dead) but to put towards roof damage. Tay bordered window where homeowners put two cups of the mean gain for the ancestors of living, do not sit in that position. In everyday life, children have missed or dropped a broken bowl cup, adult dare not scold me but gently: “Come on, that is new and the cups themselves!” because of the fear of committing verbally beat now “chained gate”. In married life is little quarrel, scold or beat, so divorce is rare. In some instances, spouses, children because of several factors leading to intense friction dare swear will lead to family troubles, work crop failure, chronic illness, and amortization of financing costs. Of course, if the family does not get along, it will redeem his ba ligament, nobody heard anyone, sick self to, animals of Tay people are abstaining from speaking loudly, bumps, bicker where mold stove for cooking . Because they see mold kitchen is where King Kitchen, Kitchen God, is the doorway leading to the Jade Emperor. For fear of being “chained gate” (Pac Vam) should always advise young and old together even speak softly, softly on the bottom, healing anger. From past has handed down the sentence: “Ten put into water or water floating,” “Ten times once cornered stall” (Boss Hat buzzer luay Nam Son, Chief Pay Pay buzzer splashed paint-outs). In a person experiencing illness, affliction, both said the same Muong, who care help. It was directed that the neighbors have since ancient times. And who or cursing,. Unfortunately, if at all angry swearing curse the misfortune of sickness, the usual drugs could not cure must be created by the teacher to lift the curse. The ceremony was slightly unbuttoned (who Khot).

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